سیاست‌گذاری اطلاعاتی برای کتابخانه‌‌های عمومی در فرایند جهانی‌شدن

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، پژوهشگاه علوم و فناوری اطلاعات ایران (ایرانداک)، تهران، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد، گروه علم اطلاعات و دانش‏شناسی، نهاد کتابخانه‏های عمومی کشور، کرمان، ایران

10.22034/aimj.2022.156553

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی سیاست‌گذاری اطلاعاتی کتابخانه‌‌های عمومی در ابعاد اقتصادی، سیاسی و فرهنگی در فرایند جهانی‏شدن اجرا شده است. روش پژوهش، پیمایشی ـ تحلیلی و ابزار آن پرسش‎نامه محقق‌ساخته است. جامعه آماری پژوهش، دانشجویان کارشناسی ‌ارشد دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی کرمان و آشنا به فعالیت کتابخانه به تعداد 3862 نفر است که از بین آنها به روش نمونه‌گیری طبقه‌ای تصادفی و بر اساس فرمول کوکران 350 نفر برای حجم نمونه انتخاب شد. بر اساس یافته‌ها، کتابخانه‌های عمومی برای سیاست‌گذاری در ابعاد اقتصادی، سیاسی و فرهنگی، به تنظیم برنامه‌های خود متناسب با راهبردهای جهانی‌ شدن نیاز دارند. انجام کارهای تخصصی در تقویت توانایی هم‌گامی با جهانی ‌شدن نقش مهمی دارد. کارهایی مانند برگزاری کارگاه‌های تخصصی، تقویت باورهای فرهنگی، استفاده از فناوری‌های اطلاعاتی و ارتباطی، استفاده از پایگاه‌های اطلاعاتی، سازمان‌دهی اطلاعات تخصصی، تقویت پایه‌های دموکراسی، تعامل با رسانه‌ها، مشارکت شهروندان، تعامل با جامعه و خانواده، آشنایی بهتر با شبکه‌های اجتماعی، مسائل زیست‌محیطی، برنامه‌های فرهنگی، گسترش همکاری‌های اجتماعی، تولید کتاب‌شناسی‌های موضوعی، فهرستگان‌های منطقه‌ای، تفاهم‌نامه‌های حق ‌مؤلف، استفاده از ابزارهای فناوری هوشمند و آموزش کتابداران و متخصصان علم، در برنامه‌های جهانی ‌شدن کتابخانه‌های عمومی  نقش مهمی دارد. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که جهانی‌ شدن‌ پدیده‌ای‌ چندبُعدی‌ است‌ و ابعاد متعددی از زندگی‌ بشر‌ را تحت‏‌تأثیر خود قرار می‌دهد. جنبه‌های متعدد جهانی‌ شدن‌، در یک دیدگاه کلان بر سه‌ ب‍ُعد اقتصادی‌، سیاسی‌ و فرهنگی‌ مبتنی‌ است. در این پژوهش مشخص شد که تمامی ابعاد جهانی‌ شدن از حد متوسط بالاتر هستند. از این رو، کتابخانه‌ها شرایط مناسبی برای هماهنگی با فرایند جهانی ‌شدن دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Information Policy-making for Public Libraries in the Process of Globalization

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fariborz Doroudi 1
  • Tahereh Firoozabadi 2

1 Assistant Prof., Iranian Research Institute for Information Science and Technology (IranDoc), Tehran, Iran

2 MSc., Department of Knowledge and Information Science, Iran Public Libraries Foundation, Kerman, Iran

چکیده [English]

The purpose of research is to inform information policy of public libraries in economic, political and cultural dimensions in the process of globalization. The research method is survey-analytical. The research tool is a researcher-made questionnaire. The statistical population of the study is all undergraduate students of Islamic Azad University, Kerman branch 3862 people. Sampling is by stratified random method. The sample size according to Cochran's formula is 350 people. The findings show that public libraries need to make policies in economic, political and cultural dimensions to tailor their programs to globalization strategies.  Doing specialized work plays an important role in strengthening the ability to keep up with globalization  Activities such as: holding specialized workshops, strengthening cultural beliefs, using information and communication technologies, using databases, organizing specialized information, strengthening the foundations of democracy, Interaction with the media, citizen participation, interaction with society And family, better familiarity with social media, environmental issues, cultural programs, expanding social collaborations, producing subject  bibliographies, regional union-catalogs, copyright agreements, using smart technology tools, and educating librarians and information professionals play an important role in globalization programs of public libraries. The results showed that globalization is a multidimensional phenomenon; Globalization affects many aspects of human life. Numerous aspects of globalization are broadly based on three dimensions: economic, political, and cultural. In this study, it was found that all dimensions of globalization are above average.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Economic dimensions
  • Political dimensions
  • Cultural dimensions
  • Information policy-making
  • Globalization
  • Public libraries
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  • تاریخ دریافت: 23 آذر 1400
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 24 فروردین 1401
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 15 شهریور 1401
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 15 شهریور 1401