طراحی مدل مدیریت دانش شخصی در شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه مدیریت صنعتی و فناوری، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، پردیس فارابی، دانشگاه تهران، قم، ایران.

2 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت سیستم ها، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، پردیس فارابی، دانشگاه تهران، قم، ایران.

چکیده

یکی از رویه‌هایی که در سال‌های اخیر در مقوله مدیریت دانش توجه خاصی را به خود جلب کرده، مدیریت دانش شخصی است که می‌بایست به‌عنوان پیش‌فرایند مدیریت دانش در سازمان به آن توجه شود. علی‎رغم اهمیت مدیریت دانش شخصی، در این حوزه پژوهش‎های محدودی که به‎طور عمده بر رویکرد فناوری‏محور یا مهارت‏محور مبتنی بوده‌اند، انجام گرفته و تاکنون پژوهشی که با رویکرد کل‌نگرانه به فرایند استقرار چنین ابتکاراتی بپردازد، انجام نشده است. از این رو، هدف اصلی پژوهش، توسعه مدل فرایندی استقرار مدیریت دانش شخصی در شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان به‌عنوان بستر بالقوه فرایندها و کارکنان است. به‌منظور دستیابی به هدف پژوهش، از روش پژوهش کیفی نظریه داده‎بنیاد (رویکرد نظام­مند) و مدل پارادایمی برای توسعه مدل نوین مدیریت دانش شخصی در شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان بهره گرفته ‌شده است. جامعه آماری پژوهش، خبرگان حوزه مدیریت دانش شخصی بوده‌اند، روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند و قضاوتی بوده و روش جمع‌آوری اطلاعات مصاحبه‌های نیمه‎ساختاریافته بوده است. پژوهشگر با الگوبرداری از الگوی پارادایمی، پدیده مدیریت دانش شخصی را در شش بعد، 22 مفهوم، شانزده زیرمفهوم و 198 کد (مشخصه) طبقه‌بندی کرده است. با وجود مدل‌ها و چارچوب‌های مختلفی که درباره مدیریت دانش شخصی وجود دارد، تاکنون مدلی با این مشخصات ارائه نشده که ابعاد چندگانه استقرار مدل مدیریت دانش شخصی را به‌صورت یکپارچه در نظر بگیرد. به‌طور کلی این پژوهش هم در روش‌شناسی و هم در نتایج به‌دست‌آمده دارای نوآوری است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing Personal Knowledge Management Model in Knowledge-Based Companies

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mona Jami pour 1
  • Seyed Mohammadbagher Jafari 1
  • Saeed Mohammadi 2

1 Associate Prof., Department of Management, Hazrat-e Ma’soumeh University (HMU), Qom, Iran.

2 PhD Candidate in Systems Management, Faculty of Management and Accounting, College of Farabi, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

چکیده [English]

One of the procedures that has attracted particular attention in knowledge management in recent years is personal knowledge management, which should be considered a pre-process of knowledge management in the organization. Despite the importance of personal knowledge management, limited studies have been conducted in this field, which are mainly based on technology-based or skill-based approaches, and so far, no study has been conducted that takes a holistic approach to the process of establishing such initiatives. Therefore, the primary purpose of this study is to develop a process model for establishing personal knowledge management in knowledge-based companies as a potential platform for processes and employees. To achieve the purpose of the research, the qualitative research method of data foundation theory (systematic approach) and paradigm model have been used to develop a new model of personal knowledge management in knowledge-based companies. The statistical population of the study was experts in the field of personal knowledge management, the sampling method was purposeful and judgmental, and the data collection method was semi-structured interviews. Following the paradigm model, the researcher has classified the phenomenon of personal knowledge management into 6 dimensions, 22 concepts, 16 sub-concepts, and 198 codes (characteristics). Despite the different models and frameworks that exist about personal knowledge management, so far the model has not been presented with these specifications to consider the multiple dimensions of the implementation of the personal knowledge management model in an integrated manner. In general, this research is innovative in both methodology and results.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Knowledge Management
  • Personal Knowledge Management
  • Grounded theory
  • Knowledge-Based Company
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دوره 6، شماره 1 - شماره پیاپی 10
بهار و تابستان 1399
صفحه 178-200
  • تاریخ دریافت: 09 خرداد 1399
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 11 تیر 1399
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 06 مرداد 1399